In the first century of the American republic, No. For instance, in Democracy in America , Alexis de Tocqueville refers specifically to more than fifty of the essays, but No. News and World Report , No. The historian Charles A. Beard identified Federalist No.
In his book An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States , Beard argued that Madison produced a detailed explanation of the economic factors that lay behind the creation of the Constitution.
At the outset of his study, Beard makes his point when he writes that Madison provided "a masterly statement of the theory of economic determinism in politics" Beard , p. Later in his study, Beard repeated his point, only providing more emphasis. Douglass Adair attributes the increased interest in the tenth number to Charles A. Beard 's book An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution , published in Adair also contends that Beard's selective focus on the issue of class struggle , and his political progressivism , has colored modern scholarship on the essay.
According to Adair, Beard reads No. Garry Wills is a noted critic of Madison's argument in Federalist No. In his book Explaining America , he adopts the position of Robert Dahl in arguing that Madison's framework does not necessarily enhance the protections of minorities or ensure the common good.
But these weapons for delay are given to the minority irrespective of its factious or nonfactious character; and they can be used against the majority irrespective of its factious or nonfactious character.
What Madison prevents is not faction, but action. What he protects is not the common good but delay as such". For instance, United States Supreme Court justice John Paul Stevens cites the paper for the statement, "Parties ranked high on the list of evils that the Constitution was designed to check".
See The Federalist, No. Madison's argument that restraining liberty to limit faction is an unacceptable solution has been used by opponents of campaign finance limits. Justice Clarence Thomas , for example, invoked Federalist No. Rather than adopting the repressive 'cure' for faction that the majority today endorses, the Framers armed individual citizens with a remedy". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Accessed January 22, See also "The Federalist Papers: Volume 1, Chapter 4, Document University of Chicago Press.
Retrieved January 22, Referenced November 20, Volume 1, Chapter 17, Document Volume 1, Chapter 7, Document 7. The Grecian republics were of small extent; so also was that of the Romans.
Both of these, it is true, in process of time, extended their conquests over large territories of country; and the consequence was, that their governments were changed from that of free governments to those of the most tyrannical that ever existed in the world".
Jones , U. Brown , U. Fame and the Founding Fathers. The Federalist with Letters of "Brutus". The MacMillan Company, Are We to Be a Nation? Harvard University Press, University Press of Kansas, De Pauw, Linda Grant. New York State and the Federal Constitution. Cornell University Press, The Political Theory of The Federalist. University of Chicago Press, The Authority of Publius: A Reading of the Federalist Papers. Politics, Literature, and the American Language, Yeoman Politician of the New Republic.
State Historical Society of Wisconsin, The Summer of The Men Who Invented the Constitution. The Creation of the American Republic, — The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States. Edited by Jacob E. Wesleyan University Press, They allow us to see how some of America's Founders understood politics.
Next to the Declaration of Independence and the U. Constitution, they are some of our most important national documents. In the s the Founders saw the potential for factions to disrupt the newly created American republic. The two main political factions were the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. But even within these two broad political groups, there was much room for disagreement over specifics and the potential for splintering.
The Founders recognized the importance of unity, and the desire to preserve unity is what drove James Madison to write Federalist No. Constitution did not come into effect until , so throughout the s, the government of the United States was outlined in a document called the Articles of Confederation.
The government under the Articles of Confederation was weak and lacked the power to effectively govern. This prompted James Madison and other Federalists to advocate for a new government--the one created under the U. In many respects the Federalists Papers can be understood as an argument for the U. There are 85 total essays in the Federalist Papers, but in this lesson we will focus on Federalist No.
Remember, this was before he became the fourth President of the United States. As with the other essays in the collection, Federalist No. In terms of politics, factions are splinter groups who hold differing ideas and views. Think about politics today. There are two main political parties: Within these parties, there is even room for disagreement.
For example, the Tea Party Movement within the Republican Party holds to different ideals than many mainstream Republicans. Madison understood that factionalism was naturally occurring within democratic political structures.
After all, people of different economic, social, religious, and ethnic backgrounds are bound to disagree over issues, and consequently, ally themselves with those who are similar. Madison believed factionalism presented a danger to the American people as a whole, and he wrote Federalist No. To safeguard against factionalism, Madison argues for a representative democracy, or a republican form of government, in which the people elect a leader to represent them.
This form of government, as opposed to a direct democracy, provides stability because it keeps important government decisions from being made by the changing tide of public opinion.
Madison saw the government under the U. Constitution as holding in balance a direct democracy and representative republic. Under the Articles of Confederation,the states were not united and the potential for sectionalism and factionalism was huge; however, under the U. Constitution, the nation could be more united, and although diverse, the potential for factionalism was greatly reduced. Historians continue to debate the nuances of the essay, and it has been interpreted in various ways over the years.
However, it remains, a foundational work highlighting the value of national unity through republicanism. Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account.
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Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? The Articles of Confederation: He spends some time on why factions exist among people and the possibility of eliminating them while yet preserving liberty and concludes they exist because of human nature and they cannot be eliminated thus one must control their effect.
If the faction is in the minority then republican government clearly controls this situation by regular vote of the majority. But what if a majority, how are the rights of the minority and the public good protected?
The answer to this is the primary object of this paper. Another purpose is to continue the argument begun in the last paper that even though the Union of States would be large with many diverse economic and social issues a Republican Government would be the preferred form of government. Democracies have a poor track record because the majority eventually tramples on the rights of the minority and often does not protect the public good.
There are two great points of difference in favor of the Republic, the delegation of the government to representatives elected by the citizens and the greater number of citizens and area over which it may be applied. In a Republic it is favorable to have representatives elected with a greater number of citizens to protect against the election of unworthy candidates and to elect the people with the most attractive merit. A large Republic with many representatives is necessary to guard against the cabals of a few but should not be so large as to create the confusion of the multitude.
The argument is extended to favor the larger Republic formed by the union of the states as opposed to Republics for individual states which would not be of adequate size to thwart the action of factions.
The Federalist Papers study guide contains a biography of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Federalist Papers Summary: No. 10 The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection - Minority Rights.
Get free homework help on The Federalist: book summary, chapter summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, and character analysis courtesy of CliffsNotes. First published in , The Federalist is a collection of 85 newspaper articles, written by the mysterious Publius, that argued swift ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Source: The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, eds. George W. Carey and James McClellan (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, ), Federalist 10 is part of a remarkable public discussion, spawned by the ratification debates, between Federalists and Antifederalists on the nature of republican government.
A summary of Federalist Essays No - No in The Founding Fathers's The Federalist Papers (). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Federalist Papers () and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Quiz & Worksheet - Federalist No. 10 Overview Quiz; The Federalist Papers: History, Writers & Summary Federalist Papers Lesson Plan for Elementary School; Federalist No. 10 Lesson Plan.