Very recently one incident occurred in my residential colony. Two days before the last Ganesh Puja when I reached home from market, I found that the two boys of the paan shop along with some outside teenagers are constructing a pendal adjacent to the paan shop.
On enquiry, my orderly peon told me that these boys belong to another nearby colony and they are going to celebrate Ganesh Puja here. They decorated the pendal and also started playing film songs using a mike two days before the Puja.
We were very much disturbed by these unnecessary loud sounds. But nobody dared to object with the apprehension of being misbehaved and malhandled by them. At about 2 A. We got up from sleep and saw that two gangs are fighting with each other. Some of them broke the image of Ganesh and broke the mike. Consequently one members of a gang fell down on the ground with severe blows and head injury.
After this incident immediately the culprits lied from the spot leaving the injured boy there. After ten minutes two persons came and took away the injured boy in a rickshaw. After minutes Police came to the spot and after necessary enquiry booked the culprits. Members of both the gangs were kept under the custody of the Police for the whole day. Why the two gangs fought? So there was conflict and quarrel between the two gangs.
Some members of these gangs are involved in petty theft and anti-social behaviour. They are famous for creating social nuisense. Why a person becomes a member of a gang? Gang membership provides them a sense of status and approval and a sense of belongingness which they did not get from their family and other social agents. In a gang, the responsibility or blame of threat is not shouldered by any individual member, but by the gang as a whole just like in a mob. Thus, some prefer to steal or booze and do other illegal acts in the name of gang.
Studies have indicated that the groups outside the home have a tremendous impact on the personality of the adolescent. The gang starts as a play group.
In the absence of play ground facility, the children start playing in the streets and eventually form a gang and the behaviour of the person is mostly influenced by the gang and so he develops delinquent tendencies. Though the gang has all the qualities of an in group like cooperation, unity, fellow feeling and belongingness, it is also associated with crimes, like stealing, eveteasing, rioting, homicide, rape, murder, boozing, taking various drugs and abusing them, dacoity, assault and murders etc.
Thus, they form a racket and in an organised way they create terror in the area. Studies have indicated that these children are roughly between years age. They also come from poor families with constant friction between parents and family members. Those children who usually become the members of the gang have often little or no parental guidance.
Studies also indicate that delinquency is committed in groups and in companies. Shaw analysed 6, cases of crime and observed that in 72 per cent of the cases two or more companions were involved. Healy reported that companionship was a single factor causing delinquency in 34 per cent of the cases while Burt gives the figure at 18 per cent.
Uday Sankar gives the figure at 23 per cent. Sometimes parents are seen complaining that their child became a delinquent by mixing in bad company. But bad companionship is not the only cause of delinquency unless there are some defects in the character formation of the individual.
However, bad companionship is never the less an important factor which lead to delinquency, since delinquency is also a learnt behaviour. In a gang or a restricted group the influence of social norm is there, sense of responsibility is divided and a boy feels that cinema and various electronic medias, like TV, Video films of violent and sexual nature lead children to delinquency by being helped through various techniques of delinquency shown in the screen.
However, it is quite reasonable to assume that early childhood training and parental attitude, how the child is reared up, all these have tremendous impact in deciding delinquent behaviour. These predisposing characters are precipitated in a gang thus leading to delinquency. Recently female delinquents have also formed their gangs with a purpose to protect and defy themselves. They find a sense of acceptance, belongingness and give and take, sympathy, understanding, companionships, loyalty, power and authority which they do not find in a socialized world which they consider to be an out group.
Ample evidences are there to hold that a large percentage of the delinquent children come from poor homes. It is found that even 50 per cent of the delinquents come from lower strata of the society with very poor economic background and hand to mouth living standard. Those who are disadvantaged and under privileged due to their poverty had to take recourse to some anti-social action for their living also. Findings of his study showed that not a single parent of the delinquent children came from the clerical services.
Children of some well to do highly educated parents doing very good jobs in government and non-govt. Offices also, now a days, are engaged in delinquency and the percentage is growing up day by day. But compared to their lower SES counterparts the percentage is very low.
But poverty cannot be the role cause of delinquency. Had it been so, in India where poverty is found in most homes, the number of delinquents would have been more than the rich and better off countries which is not a fact. In India the percentage of Juvenile delinquency is very low and most people are peace loving and disciplined unlike other developed and developing countries.
A study conducted by the Ministry of Education Govt, of India indicates that 32, children were awarded sentences for delinquency in But in it was noticed that 40, children of all the states of India except U.
But besides these recorded cases, there might have been some unrecorded cases also. Poor parents have to leave their children and go for work. Thus, the mother is not available to take proper care of the child. They are neglected and the child becomes wayward. Children from poor homes also do not get scope for education as they have to supplement the earning of their parents.
Poverty is, therefore, a contributing cause of delinquency, although it is not the sole cause. Serious traumatic experiences may lead one to become a delinquent. Clark found that one- third of the cases studied by him were found to be suffering from trauma.
These traumatic experiences may range from death of parents, children husband or wife, broken homes, disorganised families etc. Burks and Harrison have also stressed the function of stresses which directly threaten the adolescent feeling of inadequacy and worth as precipitating events in some cases of aggressive antisocial behaviour. Finkelstein holds that accumulation of emotional tensions also lead to a final outbreak the form of delinquency. Studies of Burt in England indicates that there are certain localities from which majority of delinquent children come.
In these areas, there are poor housing overcrowding and lack of recreational facilities. Most delinquents also come from the areas where cinema houses and hotels are located. Burt found a high correlation of 77 between delinquency and density of population. Shaw in a similar study found that the majority of the Juvenile delinquents came from the centres of Chicago and the number of juveniles decreased from centre to periphery.
But this is not applicable to all children staying in the crowded localities. What is a crime after all? An act which is a crime in one society may not be a crime in another society as crimes are acts which violate the rights of a person or property as envisaged by law or tradition. But never the less certain acts are considered as criminal in every society like murders, theft etc. Inspite of the cultural variations in different parts of the world, criminals are always punished by the society or law, although the degree of punishment may vary from society to society.
Many in the society believe that punishment should be exemplary so that others will not dare to commit it. This purpose of giving punishment to the culprit in a major way is to prevent criminal acts.
But the question arises whether Juvenile delinquents who are below 18 years of age should be punished like the convicts and criminals or not. Rehabilitation of delinquents has been a great social issue. Delinquency is an anti-social behaviour and it creates unrest and indiscipline in the society. It makes social life hazardous and dangerous. It also affects the peace and prosperity of the nation. It is, therefore, imperative that the readjustment problem of delinquents should be dealt very sincerely and effectively.
Many people in the society feel that Juvenile delinquents should be given severe punishment so that not only they, but others will not dare to repeat such illegal, anti-social action in future. But sociologists and psychologists strongly hold that since Juvenile delinquency refers to the cases of young minds and children at their tender age, one has to deal with such cases very cautiously and carefully.
Juvenile delinquency being a social disease the child or the adolscent has to be treated in such a manner, so that he can readjust with the society. His maladjustment with the society has to be changed. Since delinquency is mainly caused in the society under social conditions mostly because his basic needs are not fulfilled, efforts should be made first to fulfil the basic needs of every child in a socially approved manner whether delinquent or non-delinquent and extra care should be taken of the delinquent child.
Each delinquent child tries to fulfil his needs in an anti-social manner. But it would be the job of the social reformers and psychologists dealing with the care of the delinquents, to fulfil their needs in a socially accepted manner according to the norms of the society and legal sanctions.
Further, each delinquent has to be considered individually focussing attention on the fulfillment of his needs for power, prestige and recognition. Each individual case of delinquency has to be studied separately keeping in view his specific problems. Then only, it will be possible to rehabilitate, recondition and readjust the individual in the society.
In recent years there has not only been any transformation in the past attitude of the society and social thinkers towards delinquency there has also been change in law with regard to Juvenile delinquency. The outlook is now more progressive and dynamic. Special courts have been established with specially trained Magistrates to handle the cases of delinquents. They are also sheltered in special homes instead of jails and special care is taken so that they can be rehabilitated in the society.
Remand homes are established by law to which the young offenders are sent. Trained social workers are also engaged to study each case. For each case a separate file is built up with the detailed case history, type of crime committed and further improvement in behaviour. Clinical psychologists and psychiatrists are also engaged in many remand homes to reform these anti-socials.
Instead of giving physical punishment to the offenders, constant efforts are made to bring change in their outlook and attitude towards society, towards themselves. In short, the aim of everyone involved is to rehabilitate the individual in the society as a normal individual.
The teachers of such schools gradually try to become substituted parents and help the children in generating a sense of security, self confidence, right attitude towards society. They are given various craft and other vocational training to earn their livelihood, once they are rehabilitated in the society.
The schools also develop a number of group activities to change the ego and super ego of these children. In Western countries delinquents in small groups are brought up in residential areas and given individual treatment, to have in them a feeling that they are part and parcel of the society. Thus, they are removed from the aversive environment and allowed to learn about the world of which they are a member.
If required, they are given individual therapy, group therapy and psychological counselling. Here, their behaviour is resocialized by the help of group pressure. Counselling with the parents in the rehabilitation centre is also of great help for the rehabilitation of the Juvenile delinquents.
Institutionalization may not be quite successful in case of Juvenile offenders, i. If such types of delinquents are kept with those who have committed serious crimes, they would in turn learn these from them. It may, therefore, aggravate their behavioural problems instead of correcting them.
The teachers of reformatory schools should also keep in mind to act as substitutes of good, warm and understanding parents and help the children to generate a sense of security and involvement. They should give up the idea that their life is meaningless and their birth is useless. The school also should make efforts to develop a number of group activities in debate, sports, various social functions, picnics, exhibitions and study tours to change the ego of the delinquent child, to create a feeling of togetherness, belongingness, we feeling, sense of sacrifice and cooperation along with healthy competition.
Positive human values like honesty, sociability, amiability, truthfulness etc. One has to remember that changes are to be made from negative to positive outlooks and values of life. Parents have also tremendous role to play in the rehabilitation of their delinquent children. They, therefore, must be helped to develop insight to their own behaviour and analyse their own behaviour which might have led to the maladjustment in the child.
They should, therefore, try to rectify their own behaviour so that in future there is no problem from the side of parents when the child returns from the reformatory home to be rehabilitated in the society. Since a lot depends upon parental behaviour and attitude, they should be very cautious. Finally, the society and public should also change their outlook and attitude towards delinquency in general.
They should not hate or distrust the delinquents. The delinquents must be dealt with sympathy, understanding and good behaviour. They should not be hurt emotionally. Society as a whole should give up its fear and hostility towards the delinquents and anti-socials. It should develop a flexible attitude so that proper analysis of the causes of delinquency is made and adequate steps are taken both with respect to the prevention and treatment of delinquency.
Mentally retarded children should be specially and cautiously, dealt with parents and teachers. Otherwise, they may become susceptible to delinquency. They should be handled with proper care and should be taught in such a way so that their attention can be sustained. The psychopathic and neurotic children should be given the opportunities of necessary therapeutic measures and prevent the development of delinquent behaviour.
All kinds of delinquents should not be treated identically, in a group or and should not be given similar rehabilitation facilities. For this purpose, differential diagnosis of the delinquents is essentially required. This can be possible by the, services of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists. Increase of population without proportionate increase of space and other living conditions is one of the major causes of rise in delinquency. Particularly people migrate to cities from villages and the cities, semi-urban and urban areas for earning their livelihood.
The word also found place in Shakespearean famous play 'Macbeth' in Etimologically, the term 'delinquency' has been derived from the Latin word delinquer which means 'to omit'.
Several causes such as poverty, slum-dwelling, neglect or partiality by parents towards their children, lack of parental care or social security may be attributed to the unprecedented increase in juvenile delinquency. The situation in European countries in this r. To quote him, "the propensity to crime is at its maximum at the age when strength and passions have reached their height, yet when reason has not acquir.
Juvenile Crime Essay Words: The reason experts feel juvenile's commit crimes is because of risk factors when they were younger but experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile's commit crimes. Some risk factors associated with juvenile crime are poverty, repeated exposure to violence, drugs, easy access to firearms, unstable f. December 30, , the Juvenile Justice Act, was the governing law on the subject.
Before this Act was introduced w. October 2, , the Children Act, was operative throughout the country. The States were, however, authorized to enact their own laws for the care an.
Probably none of the young delinquents were born with hostility, rage and hatred. Their environment and our society have turned them into who they are today. Juveniles have to face the cruel sides of the world too early and they are not well prepared for it yet.
Some of them are able to deal with it, some of them are not. The latter shocked by the realisation will escape to the world of crimes so trying to hide themselves from all the dissatisfaction. Young people are allowed to live a totally free and undisciplined life in the dark streets of neglected city districts. Getting a false image from these places they are assured that the proper way of living is the one they experience there. Just following the bad example, without being aware of what they are really doing.
The situation is the same with the violation, outrage, aggression fuelled by the media and computer games. Thousands of children sit down in front of the television in the late evening to switch off a little bit.
What do they get? Blood, fight, hatred, war and a superman who never dies. After that, what should we expect from our children? To kiss the little doll with love or play with the toy cars… that type of childhood is out of fashion by now.
Juvenile Crime Prevention in America - Juvenile crime in the United States is ballooning out of control along with adult crimes, and politicians and law enforcement officials don’t seem to be able to .
Essay # 2. Meaning of Juvenile Delinquency: Crime committed by children and adolescents under the age of 18 years, is called delinquency. The maximum age limit and also the meaning of delinquency varies from country to country. But it is always below 18 years of .
Juvenile Delinquency and The Bling Side - The movie Blind Side was based on the best-selling book The Blind Side by Michael Lewis. In this story the main character Michael Oher is a troubled child that is taken in by an upper class family and is put through school. Essay: Juvenile Crime One of the biggest problems which the United States is faced with is juvenile crime. The reason experts feel juvenile’s commit crimes is because of risk factors when they were younger but experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile’s commit crimes.
Juvenile crime rates have nearly doubled in many countries. In the news we keep hearing about youngsters got mixed up in shady affairs and committing petty crimes. What actually is a juvenile crime? It is a term denoting various offences committed by children or youths under the age of Such acts are sometimes referred to as juvenile delinquency. JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS PAPER Juvenile Crime Statistics Paper CJA/ September 19, The information in this article gives statistics of juvenile .