This is commonly referred to as globalization Ghauri Globalization is the process by which countries, economies, and regions have been integrated in a global network.
In the past, globalization primarily used focus on the part of the world involving economy. Only factors of the economy were considered as an important part of the globalization. Foreign investment and international flow of capital and trade were held high in the globalization chart. The range of globalization has been broadened to bring in other activities and areas such as sports, media, socio—culture, technology, and politics.
Biological factors such as environmental and climatic changes have also been regarded highly. Various factors have played important roles in making globalization a success.
Effective communication across the world has been a major contributing factor. Costs of communication have reduced drastically, leading to enhanced communication. This has been facilitated by the growth of information technology since it has enhanced the communication process. Transportation network and immigration links has also been cited to be critical in globalization Ghauri As indicated, globalization has various effects. It has played a major role in the current development in the world.
One of the main areas that globalization has affected greatly is the environment. The environment encompasses living things and non-living things on the surface of the earth. It also comprises of the non-living things that have been put in their place by activities of human beings.
Globalization has affected the environment both positively and negatively. This paper will examine both positive and negative contributions of globalization to economic, social, political, and biotic environment in the world.
Globalization has caused increased consumption of different products. This has led to increased production of goods and services in order to satisfy the global market. This has increased the stress on environment, which impacts the cycles of ecology.
Globalization of trade and market has also led to increased transportation of finished goods and raw materials across the world. Fuels used in transportation of these goods have increased the levels of pollution to the environment. In place of policies of containment, the international community fostered policies of openness to trade and based on the principles of democracy and rights.
The creation of legal institutions like the international criminal tribunals that have sprung up in the past decade, as well as the proliferation of major international conferences aiming to address global problems through international cooperation, have been referred to as proof of political globalization. Still, since all of these institutions rely on the participation of nation-states and respect the fundamental principle of national sovereignty, the extent to which these institutions exhibit true political globalization continues to be debated.
Social and cultural manifestations of globalization. Though there are many social and cultural manifestations of globalization, here are some of the major ones:. The past two decades have seen an internationalization of information services involving the exponential expansion of computer-based communication through the Internet and electronic mail. On the one hand, the electronic revolution has promoted the diversification and democratization of information as people in nearly every country are able to communicate their opinions and perspectives on issues, local and global, that impact their lives.
Political groups from Chiapas to Pakistan have effectively used information technology to promote their perspectives and movements. On the other hand, this expansion of information technology has been highly uneven, creating an international "digital divide" i. Often, access to information technology and to telephone lines in many developing countries is controlled by the state or is available only to a small minority who can afford them..
In recent years there has been a significant shift in the transmission and reporting of world news with the rise of a small number of global news services.
This process has been referred to as the "CNN-ization of news," reflecting the power of a few news agencies to construct and disseminate news.
Thanks to satellite technology, CNN and its few competitors extend their reach to even the most geographically remote areas of the world. This raises some important questions of globalization: Who determines what news What is "newsworthy? Whose voice s are and are not represented? What are the potential political consequences of the silencing of alternative voices and perspectives?
The contemporary revolution in communication technology has had a dramatic impact in the arena of popular culture. Information technology enables a wide diversity of locally-based popular culture to develop and reach a larger audience.
For example, "world music" has developed a major international audience. Old and new musical traditions that a few years ago were limited to a small local audience are now playing on the world stage.
On the other hand, globalization has increased transmission of popular culture easily and inexpensively from the developed countries of the North throughout the world. Consequently, despite efforts of nationally-based media to develop local television, movie, and video programs, many media markets in countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are saturated with productions from the U.
Communities throughout the globe are now linked to an interconnecting web via. In my essay, I will analyse the statement of globalization being a new phenomenon and I will look at the ideas that would suggest this.
Choose an optimal rate and be sure to get the unlimited number of samples immediately without having to wait in the waiting list. Definition of globalization in the World Globalization simply refers to the global or worldwide process of technological, economic, political and cultural exchanges, brought about by modern communication, transportation and legal infrastructure as well as the political choice to consciously open cross-border links in international trade and Continue Reading words 7 pages.
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The Globalization of Nestle - Globalization is the dominant force by which the world has become interconnected significantly as a result of extremely increased trade and decreased cultural differences.
Globalization is a process and this process makes developments in these countries. First of all is the independence of each of developing countries. The development in industry, economy, culture and polity gives solutions to social problems.
Impact of Globalization on Trade and Employment. Globalization is the process by which the world is interconnected through technology and powerful infrastructure for the purpose of communicating and managing resources. Globalization seems to talk about several vibrant phenomena which ensure two major components. Essay globalization 1. GLOBAL INTEGRATION: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES Globalization is the process by which different societies, cultures, and regionaleconomies integrate through a worldwide network of political ideas throughtransportation, communication, and trade.
Write about the following topic: Even though globalization affects the world’s economies in a very positive way, its negative side should not be forgotten. Discuss. . Globalization is the process by which countries, economies, and regions have been integrated in a global network. Countries’ economies, cultures, and societies have been placed in the global networks of communication, trade, transportation, and immigration.