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Research Paper Outline

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❶You may have been assigned a topic, or you may be free to choose your own.

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Do not be tempted to insert large numbers of graphs and figures just for the sake of it; each figure and graph should be mentioned, referred to and discussed in the text. Try to avoid putting in tables and graphs showing the same information; select the type that shows your results most clearly. It is usually preferable to use graphs and relegate the tables to the appendix because it is easier to show trends in graphical format.

Figures and graphs should be clear and occupy at least half a page; you are not a magazine editor trying to fit a small graph into an article. All such information must be numbered, as diagrams for graphs and illustrations, and figures for tables; they should be referred to by this number in the body of the report. You do not need to put the full breakdown of the calculations used for your statistical tests; most scientists hate statistics and are only interested in whether your results were significant or not.

Relegate the calculations to the appendix. The results section of your report should be neutral and you should avoid discussing your results or how they differed from or compared with what was expected.

This information belongs in the next section. This is the pivotal section of your hard work in obtaining and analyzing your results. In your discussion you should seek to discuss your findings, and describe how they compared and differed from the results you expected.

In a nutshell, you are trying to show whether your hypothesis was proved, not proved or inconclusive. You must be extremely critical of yourself in this section; you will not get marked down for mistakes in experiment design or for poor results, only for not recognizing them. Everybody who has written a dissertation or thesis has had to give a presentation to a room full of fellow students, scientists and professors and give a quick synopsis.

These people will tear your report apart if you do not recognize its shortcomings and flaws. Very few experiments are per cent correct in their design and conception so it is not really important what your results were, only that you understand their significance. Usually you will have had some promising results and some that did not fit with what you expected. Discuss why things may have gone wrong and what could be done to refine the results in future.

Suggest what changes in experimental design might improve the results; there is no right or wrong in science, only progress. Finally, you can discuss at the end ideas for further research, either refining the experiment or suggesting new areas. Even if your paper was a one off, somebody may come along and decide that they find your research interesting and that they would like to continue from where you left off.

This is really just a more elaborate version of the abstract. In a few paragraphs you should summarize your findings. Your abstract will do most of this for you but, as long as you do not get carried away, especially for longer reports, it can help the reader absorb your findings a little more. Include all of your direct references here, even if you only found a couple of sentences.

In the case where somebody referred to an original source, reference that too, but if you did not manage to get hold of it, try to rewrite so that you will not have to reference or use "referred in"-citation. Here it is polite to acknowledge anybody who helped you with this report, although do not go overboard; it is not an Oscar speech. Your supervisor is a good start, as well as others who helped. If a landowner gave you permission to take samples then it is good practice to acknowledge them and give them a summary of your results, if permitted.

Appendices are very useful because they give you a place to dump raw data and calculations. They must still be laid out correctly; the data must be relevant and referred to in the main report. If you have a lot of relevant photographs of sample sites and methods then they belong here. It is also useful to insert a Google map plan to show from where you took samples.

Hopefully this will have given you a good oversight into writing that perfect report. It is not as daunting as it seems and if you do your research and listen to your supervisor then all should be well and you can get a good grade.

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Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Login Sign Up Privacy Policy.

Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:. Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. More details can be found by clicking the scientific format button below. Click here for how to write a reseach paper. Click here to gain a more detailed view of the scientific report format described below, or.

Click here to gain a description of how to write a literature review. Short three-quarters of a page description of the paper. Describe what the issue or problem is, why it is important or interesting, and your findings. Some parts of this site work best with JavaScript enabled. Menu Share This Page. Format for Term Papers Below are some links and a general outline on how to write your term papers.

Introduction What is the issue or problem? What is the significance of the problem? How do you plan to deal with the problem? What is your solution?


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Format for Term Papers Below are some links and a general outline on how to write your term papers. Depending on your topic you may want to rely on the scientific report style or literature review styles, or a combination of the two.

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A term paper is a major assignment given to the student at the end of a course, and its success is crucially important for a student to obtain.

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—2— 1 THE STATUS OF THIS DOCUMENT The most important thing about a term paper is its content: the arguments and thoughts it presents. But the form is not unimportant either. Read this essay on Layout. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at elmercuriodigital.ml".

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A template is provided for writing paper reviews or term papers. Terminology relevant to writing a paper is also defined. In general, in a term paper or survey paper, you must discuss most of the important ideas on a particular topic, which means that several papers will likely need to be used as sources of information. Layout. I. Aug 26,  · How to Outline a Term Paper. A term paper is usually, but not always, a research-based essay due at the end of a semester or term. In it, you are expected to demonstrate knowledge and mastery of the material covered over the previous term%(3).