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Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research

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❶There are certainly other advantages to quantitative studies.

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Research in the Social Sciences

The latter measures particular properties of social phenomena and then uses statistical models to determine patterns of association among these properties, or variables. Because these models require a larger number of cases to establish statistically significant associations, quantitative researchers necessarily must sacrifice depth for breadth. Qualitative researchers, in contrast, are comfortable working with a small number of cases, or even a single case.

They have at their disposal a variety of assumptions, theories, and methods to produce rich accounts of social life. In addition, qualitative research can offer unique insight into the relationship between microsocial and macrosocial worlds and even global forces. The following texts offer the interested reader a general introduction to basic principles and debates associated with qualitative research methods. Ross and Abbott situate these methods in historical context.

During the first half of the 20th century, ethnographic field research was the gold standard for sociology—especially at the famed Chicago school. The same was true in much of Europe, as Masson describes in the case of France. Katz , Burawoy , and Steinmetz , in turn, defend ethnography against recent critiques that it does not represent a legitimate mode of inquiry according to the standards of positivist science. That such debates are intertwined with larger moral concerns is demonstrated by Smith and Van Manen , both of which argue that qualitative methods are uniquely suited to study the lives of oppressed and subaltern groups.

Chicago sociology at one hundred. The extended case method. Sociological Methods and Research Addresses the question how qualitative researchers can justify, or warrant, their case studies in relation to potentially hostile audiences who adhere to a mainstream quantitative view.

Faire de la sociologie: Currently available only in French, this book covers the history of qualitative field methods in French sociology, especially the diffusion of ideas from the United States. The origins of American social science. A comprehensive study of the history of sociology in America, this book argues that the legitimacy of qualitative research has been tied to the preeminence of various universities, departments, and faculties.

A sociology for people. Argues persuasively that ethnographers have a responsibility to impart in their research subjects an understanding of the powerful external forces shaping their everyday life worlds. Very much in the spirit of what C. Wright Mills referred to as the sociological imagination: The politics of method in the human sciences: Positivism and its epistemological others. By creating an account, you agree to Study.

Explore over 4, video courses. Find a degree that fits your goals. Qualitative Research In this lesson, we identify the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods in the social sciences. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. Qualitative Research Quiz Course. Try it risk-free for 30 days. An error occurred trying to load this video. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

You must create an account to continue watching. Register to view this lesson Are you a student or a teacher? I am a student I am a teacher. What teachers are saying about Study. How to Interpret Correlations in Research Results. Are you still watching? Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds. Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? An Overview of Qualitative Research. What is Quantitative Research in Sociology? Ethical Concerns in Sociological Research.

Research Ethics in Educational Psychology. Selecting a Problem to Research. What is Sociological Research? Strategies for Choosing a Data Collection Technique. The True Experimental Research Design. What is Qualitative Research? Diversity and Intercultural Communication. Test Practice and Study Guide. In this lesson, we identify the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods in the social sciences.

Research in the Social Sciences Research is an extremely important part of sociology, psychology and all of the other social sciences. Quantitative Research The first type of research that social scientists use is quantitative research , which is based on numerical data, which can be analyzed using statistics.

Quantitative research produces statistics that can be used to predict behaviors. Qualitative Research Of course, there's also the fact that not all social phenomena can be counted or measured in quantifiable ways.

Qualitative research is performed by observation and descriptive note taking. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Lesson Summary In summary, research in the social sciences occurs in many different forms and can be divided into two basic types: Learning Outcome After this lesson, you'll be able to: Differentiate between quantitative and qualitative research Explain the advantages and disadvantages of each Describe how the two types of research can be used together to study the same issue.

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Qualitative research has a long history in sociology and has been used within it for as long as the field itself has existed. This type of research has long appealed to social scientists because it allows the research to investigate the meanings that people attribute to their behavior, actions, and interactions with others.

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INTRODUCING QUALITATIVE METHODS provides a series of volumes which introduce qualitative research to the student and beginning researcher. The approach is interdisciplinary and.

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Qualitative research methods have a long and distinguished history within sociology. They trace their roots back to Max Weber’s call for an interpretive understanding of action. Today, qualitative sociology encompasses a variety of specific procedures for collecting data, ranging from life history. Qualitative research is also called descriptive research because its purpose is to describe social occurrences. It can be conducted in focus groups, interviews or simple observation of social events as they happen in real life.

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Qualitative Research in Sociology offers a hands-on guide to doing qualitative research in sociology. It provides an introductory survey of the methodological and theoretical dimensions of qualitative research as practiced by those interested in the study of social life. Qualitative Research in Sociology offers a hands-on guide to doing qualitative research in sociology. It provides an introductory survey of the methodological and theoretical dimensions of qualitative research as practiced by those interested in the study of social life.5/5(1).